Low Sperm Motility - Treatment Options


Low sperm count and low sperm motility are the biggest causes of male fertility issues.  A low sperm count refers to a situation in which a man’s semen does not contain a “normal” amount of sperm. Typically a man will be diagnosed as having low sperm count if he has fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. This is the most common fertility problem for men.

Low sperm motility mean a man’s sperm do not move forward like they should. If the sperm do not move forward, they cannot make the journey from the vagina past the cervix towards the fallopian tubes, where they can fertilize an egg. Changing what you do on a day to day basis might be all you need to treat low sperm motility.

 

Major Causes of Low Sperm Motility

Changing the habits below can naturally improve sperm motility.

  • Overheating – If you like extra hot showers, sitting in the hot tub, or wearing tight fitting undies and pants, you really need to stop those activities if you have low sperm motility. The overheated testicles harm the sperm.
  • Stressed Out – Stress can wreck havoc on your body and sperm health is not exempt. When you are stressed out, your body produces chemicals that can negatively affect overall sperm quality and lower your chances of getting pregnant.   Figuring out how to relax is in your best interest.  Meditation and mindfulness are both great practices that reduce stress and boost fertility.
  • Unheathly Eating Habits – There are many vitamins and minerals that are necessary for healthy sperm. If you are eating a diet of convenience foods and fast foods, you are likely not getting the nutrients you need to have healthy sperm.
  • Smoking and Drinking – Both smoking and alcohol consumption can cause changes in all sperm parameters – sperm count, motility and morphology. If you are trying to get pregnant and have low sperm motility, eliminating these vices might help.

 

Treatments for Low Sperm Motility

The first thing men should do to improve sperm motility is take a look at their lifestyle. Heat, in extreme amounts or temperatures, can affect both sperm count and sperm motility. The man who is trying to conceive, then, should avoid hot baths, saunas, whirlpools, and even tight fitting underwear. Sometimes exposure to heavy metals, or even smoking can contribute to low sperm motility. Eliminating these factors is often the most effective treatment option for low sperm motility.

Many people encourage natural treatments that can improve low sperm motility. Ginseng, Vitamin c, Zinc, and lycopene help improve sperm issues, whether it is low sperm count, low sperm motility, or abnormal sperm.

Using a Fertility Specialist

If lifestyle changes do not improve your sperm motility,  you can see a doctor who specializes in fertility issues. Treatment plans for treating low sperm motility are expensive and complicated.  A fertility doctor can collect your semen and use it in fertility procedures. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)  injects the semen into the woman’s body at ovulation with hopes of fertilization. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment fertilizes the egg  with the semen in the lab and then places in the woman’s uterus. Both of these procedures eliminate the need for the man’s sperm to swim forward. These treatments work around the fact that the sperm lack the motility they need to fertilize an egg on their own.

Resources:

Mayo Clinic Staff. “Low Sperm Count.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 7 Dec. 2017, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/low-sperm-count/symptoms-causes/syc-20374585.

Teresa Janevic, Linda G. Kahn, Paul Landsbergis, Piera M. Cirillo, Barbara A. Cohn, Xinhua Liu, Pam Factor-Litvak. Effects of work and life stress on semen quality. Fertility and Sterility, 2014; DOI: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.04.021

Cigarette Smoking and Semen Quality: A New Meta-analysis Examining the Effect of the 2010 World Health Organization Laboratory Methods for the Examination of Human Semen
Sharma, Reecha et al. European Urology , Volume 70 , Issue 4 , 635 – 645

Direct effect of alcohol on the motility and morphology of human spermatozoa.
Donnelly GP, McClure N, Kennedy MS, Lewis SE.
Andrologia. 1999 Jan;31(1):43-7.