"When will I Ovulate?", a question asked by millions of women every year and its an important question and deserves an answer. Here at Maybe Baby we dedicate ourselves to helping women find the answer to that very question. Ovulation is an amazing and complicated process. We hope this article, along with our tester, will help you find the answer you need.
When will I ovulate?
Ovulation is the process by which a mature egg (ovum) is released from one of your two ovaries and it is pushed down in the fallopian tube, it enters into the uterus where this egg is fertilized by a mature sperm, process of conception takes place and pregnancy starts.
Time of Ovulation is different in different women
This time of ovulation is not same in all women, this time slightly varies according to their menstrual cycle every month. Every woman has her own unique character and likewise changes in regular menstrual cycle cause changes in ovulation.
To know about the time of ovulation, first we need to understand the menstrual cycle.
Menstrual Cycle Every Month
This is the cyclical activity of endometrium (lining of uterus) during the initial 2 to 8 days of which menstruation (periods) occurs. Occasionally the cycle may be of 21 to 35 days. The days of cycle are enumerated from the first day of menses.
The gonadotrophic hormones of pituitary gland regulate the ovarian activity. This depends upon a complex integrated action between higher centers, pituitary gland, hypothalamus and ovaries. The production of Gonadotropins in the pituitary gland are cyclically controlled by the Hypothalamus. The hypothalamus produces Gonadotropins releasing Hormone which is responsible for both F.S.H (follicle stimulating Hormone) and L.H (Luteinizing Hormone) hormones.
Link among the Hypothalamus, pituitary and Ovaries
Hypothalamus, pituitary Gland and ovaries are interlinked with each other. Disturbance of one organ may lead to disturbed function of the other organ.
Days of Ovulation and Expected Time
To know about the time of ovulation one must know the expected days when women are most fertile and ovulation can occur anytime in those fertile days.
Most Fertile Days Or fertile Window
The term fertile window is used for the time period when women are in their most fertile period, when body is just waiting to greet the mature sperm to come and meet her mature ovum to give Birth a wonderful New Life, and is ready to accept the change, nature has created. This is the most favorable time to have a fruitful relationship.
Every woman must know her fertile window
These favorable days must be in the knowledge of every woman so they can make preparations and be mentally strong to accept the challenge of possible motherhood.
This fertile window depends upon the regularity of menstrual cycle every month and every woman has different schedule of periods.
Phases of cycle
There are 2 phases of menstrual cycle and ovulation occurs in the middle of these 2 phases.
From the Day 1 of the menstrual cycle until ovulation is called the Follicular phase. This follicular phase is controlled by follicle stimulating hormone (F.S.H)
From ovulation until the end of your periods is called Luteal phase which normally lasts 12 to 16 days. In this phase Luteinizing Hormone is active and controls all activities.
Expected Days of Ovulation
The first day of periods is the first day of cycle, from this onward 11th to 14th day of cycle are included in expected days of ovulation when ovulation can occur anytime and ovary can release ovum according to its normal pattern. But the most expected chance is on day 14th of cycle.
Ovulation occurs at the mid cycle of ovarian activity that is the 14th day of regular menstrual cycle.
Ovulation occurs about two weeks before the next expected period. This means if your average menstrual cycle is 28 Days, you ovulate around day 14.
Role of Follicular Stimulating Hormone (F.S.H)
This hormone is produced by anterior Lobe of pituitary Gland. The production of this Hormone is negligible in childhood but it increases just before the puberty.
It acts on the primordial follicles (small follicles present in each ovary) of the ovaries and leads to the proliferation and growth of the follicles. Under the influence of F.S.H hormone these follicles mature and get enlarge.
Maturity of the Follicles
One of these primordial follicles mature and converted into Graafian follicle every month during the menstrual cycle near about the Day 12. Initially the cohort of follicles is stimulated but later on only one follicle becomes dominant and converts into Graafian follicle.
Role of Luteinizing Hormone (L.H)
The pituitary Gland also produces this Hormone. It acts on the mature Graafian follicle and leads to shedding of the ovum (Egg) and conversion of Graafian follicle into corpus Luteum, which later on is helpful in pregnancy.
All these changes happen near the middle of the cycle, usually around Day 14, and these changes result in the releasing of ovum at the middle of cycle. You can asses the time of ovulation by observing how regular your period is every month.
Periods must be regular for the exact Time of Ovulation
One important thing to remember is that to find out the Exact Time of Ovulation one must have regular periods and days of cycle must be the same as previous month. This does not mean that date of periods every month must be the same. This means that cycle should be of 28 days and the day one of menses is calculated as the first day of your cycle. From this on you can calculate the 14th day which should be a week after your last period.
Calculations of your Mid Cycle
Just keep in mind that fertile window is the 5 days leading up to and including ovulation. The three days before ovulation and the actual day of ovulation is most fertile period. The length of your cycle determines the most fertile days for you. Which would be different for everyone according to length of their cycle. So the cycle varies;
If you have 28 days between periods, ovulation typically occurs on day 14 and the most fertile days are 12, 13 and 14.
If you have longer cycles, suppose 35 days between periods, ovulation occurs on day 21 and the most fertile days are 19, 20 and 21.
If you have shorter cycles say 21 days between periods, ovulation occurs on day 7 and most fertile days are 5, 6 and 7
For Typical Cycle of 28 Days
Suppose if your periods remain for 6 to 7 days, whenever you get free from menstrual flow and feel yourself completely dry, now start calculation from your dry spell and come forward to next week, if Day 1 is the first Day of your menstrual cycle, and a week after your Dry spell, the mid cycle comes that is the Day 14th which must be the time of your ovulation.
Ovulation occurs 12 to 24 hours after L.H surge
Understanding your menstrual cycle can be a good deal if you know the exact cause of your search that what you are looking for.
You don’t need to be an expert, you can just become knowledgeable enough to find out the time of ovulation after observing your one cycle. In this way you can shorten your journey to become pregnant.
Ovulation does not occur in all women
Not all women ovulate every month, if an ovary is unable to produce a mature follicle which does not shed to release ovum, ovulation will not take place. This is called Anovulatory menstrual cycle.
Ovulation occurs even in the absence of Periods
Ovulation is one part of this menstrual cycle while the periods are another part, so it can happen that you are not having your regular periods but you are still ovulating and you are unaware of this fact that you could be pregnant even if you are not having periods. This is called ovulatory amenorrhea.
High sexual Desire at Mid Cycle
Many women experience high sexual desire when their menstrual flow has finished and dry spell comes. They feel can a urge for sex with their partner. This is another indication of ovulation at mid cycle. It is near about 14th day of cycle when you have high sexual desire and similarly chances of getting pregnant in these ovulation days.
How to improve the chances to get pregnant during ovulation
You should know the correct time of having sexual intercourse during days of ovulation. Eggs survive 24 hours after ovulation and sperm can survive up to 3 days, so you should have sex 2 to 3 days before ovulation. It is not the most advantageous option to have sex on the exact day of ovulation. You can just enjoy 2 to 3 days before up to the right day and time of ovulation.
Having Sex on day 12 and day 16 is important
Sex on day 12 and day 16 is important because in these days women have more chances of getting pregnant.
Life span of Ovum
An egg lives 12 to 24 hours after leaving the ovary. During this time if fertilization takes place then pregnancy starts, if not then this ovum is absorbed in the lining of uterus and cycles continues in a normal way with the shedding of endometrial lining of uterus in the form of menstrual blood 12 to 14 days after.
Your Age Matters to your Fertility
The most fertile time of every woman is between the age limit of 20 to 30 years. This is the time when she is highly fertile and chances of conception are 100 % in a healthy woman
Chances of conception decreases, as age approaches
Chances of conception decreases with the passage of time as age approaches like
At about age 32 chances of conception decreases gradually but
After 35 decline in fertility level speeds up
By 40, fertility rate falls down by half
At 30 chances of conceiving every month are 20 % and at 40 chances remain only 5%.
After certain age limits the risks of complications, miscarriages and infertility increases.
Complications include placenta Previa, placenta abruption and Gestational Diabetes. Older women are more likely to have birth defects or genetic abnormalities.
Indications of days of Ovulation
There are some indications which can show that ovulation is near or either has taken place. Few signs can be felt by all women while some signs are unique and cannot be felt by all women.
Your Lifestyle affects your ovulation
Thousands of women are claimed to be healthy and declared by physicians but still they cannot get the chances to conceive in their life, such women must observe their lifestyle, the way they live, eat or drink.
One of the main reasons of infertility is ovulatory Disorder and this disorder could be due to Unhealthy lifestyle
Recommendation of Books
If you want to know more about the question "when will I ovulate", there are some books which are recommended to know more about fertility.
- You will feel rise in your basal body temperature about half degree on the day of ovulation
- Your cervix will be pulled back or upward and you can feel it through your one or two fingers.
- You will have sticky vaginal discharge which can be pulled into long strings.
- You can have slight spotting on the day of ovulation by the effects of estrogens on lining of uterus.
- You can feel slight nausea and headache
- You can feel a twinge of pain on the side of ovary from which ovum is released. This pain can be felt on lower abdomen on one side.
- Some women may feel abdominal bloating and distention.
- You will feel Breast tenderness before the day of ovulation.
- Some women may experience increase sense of smell, taste and vision.
ZITA WEST has written many books on fertility and her work is vast in this field.
- Taking charge of your fertility by TONI WESCHLER
- Plan to Get Pregnant; 10 Steps to Maximum Fertility by ZITA WEST
‘’Zita West’s Guide to getting pregnant fertility and Conception’’.
‘’Zita West’s Guide to Fertility and Assisted Conception’’